Employees’ Rights in Case of a Transfer of Undertaking
Employees’ rights in the case of a transfer of undertaking are defined in the Labour Code. Under the law, the new employer becomes a party to the current work relations. Consequently, under the principle of a legal successor, the new employer acquires any and all rights resulting from the work relations established with the previous employer, and all obligations which the previous employer owed to the employees of the entity. This entity’s employees preserve the rights they were entitled to prior to the business transfer, and they are bound by the same duties they had toward the previous employer.
It is the new employer’s duty to inform the company trade unions, and in the case of their absence, the employees, about the planned transfer of the company at least thirty days before the planned transfer of the business. This information should include the planned transfer date, the reasons for the transfer, the legal, economic and social effects thereof on the employees, as well as the intended activities concerning the conditions of employment, in particular the working conditions, salary and retraining.
An employee of the business being transferred may end the employment relation with the new employer. Within two months from the transfer, the employee can terminate the employment relation with a seven-day notice. However, the transfer to a new employer cannot constitute a reason for the employer to terminate the employment relation.